Oscar Rejlander is also known as the grandfather of photography. Working both in collaboration with others and on his own, Rejlander bought in techniques learnt from drawing and painting to create highly unique and beautiful photography that stretched the medium to new heights. One of the most infamous elements that he used is several negatives all together to create one large photograph. This was reproduced several times, but for several different audiences, and so small changes in positioning and head directions can be seen through the clever manipulation of the negatives. The knowledge of manipulation adds a sense of confusion, as you are unaware what is reality and what is the true negative. There was also the use of pairs of photographs, placing a juxtaposition of mood or expression next to one another, or opposing situations. Rejlander was able to transform a technical medium into an important means of artistic expression.