Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder was an American sculpture who was known to be the “originator of the mobile; a type of moving sculpture made with delicately balanced or suspended shapes that move in response to touch or air currents” (Tate). He bought movement to static objects, creating kinetic sculptures that would pause in a moment that lasted forever. With his works, sculpture was bought into the fourth dimension.
When entering a studio in the late 1920’s, Calder was creating figurative oil paintings. It was said that the visit to Piet Mondrian’s studio in 1930 led Calder astray from this, and permanently into abstraction. Calder then became fixated upon coloured rectangles covering one of the walls, where he wanted to make the physically move. This allowed Calder to experiment with the new materials including metal, in order to create his mobiles.

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