Editing Films

After filming the majority of the shots that we needed (at the time of writing, we were on day 3 of filming), we had to think about the editing of the film. This is a lot of things as one, because we have to think about the order, the size, how we are going to switch from shot to shot, the sound track and also the effects that we may use. These we all things that a lot of us thought about while filming and through the progression of the editing lecture. We did, however, get stuck on the little things such as the soundtrack that we should use. There were many ideas including the footsteps, having a song, or just background noise. Specifically, we needed a rhythm to the piece, and the most simple way to portray rhythm is with sound and music. For rhythm, we also have to think about the rhythm of the scene changes and for our specific video, the speed in which the feet are going.

For the soundtrack, I initially thought that we were going to record the footsteps in time, in a separate room and then overlay the sound on the final video. However, we were then beginning to look back at the films we each suggested a couple of weeks back when we began the video art project.

After looking at all of these, the music was not quite what we wanted for our piece. We found that it was all a bit too fast, dramatic and thrilling, or too slow, draining and peaceful. We then looked at other films and the way in which they have played around with the music within it or how they have used the music and the image in conjunction with each other. This allowed us to move onto Life Is Strange Episode 5 Max’s Nightmare, a video game in which someone has recorded their game time. In this, the background images go backwards and the music starts to go all ‘funny’, almost as if it is all being slightly trippy. This is something that we wanted to recreate in our movie at the end when she is drugged as it is something new that we could add in, in order to create a more unique video. It also led us to the soundtracks of these sorts of videos and games (see below), however, once again, we found that these were and are not the right tracks for our video art.

Because we couldn’t find the correct soundtrack, we then began to look at other ideas for the soundtrack. We started to look at the more natural sounds that were around us when we were shooting the movie. This led to me showing the rest of the group a website that I have had on my saved tabs for years – asoftmurmur.com. This website allows you to have more natural background noise, for example when working, instead of having a film, tv show, or music on in the background. The different noises included rain, thunder, waves, wind, fire, birds, crickets, coffee shop, singing bowl and white noise. To have more natural sounds, we can easily record the sounds from the website, and then overlay the sounds on the video in the apropriate places.

For familiar sounds, we then started thinking about Chopsticks. Although it would be comedic and slightly sarcastic, we believed that it would give a slight Pipilotti Rist feel to the video.

We also discussed the rest of the editing process, and in order to complete the film, we do have to finish filming first. When filming is finished, we have to keep in mind that the majority of the dialogue and sound is added during the editing stage. We also have to keep in mind the rules of editing, six of which Walter Murch created for narrative film; (1) Emotion 51%, (2) Story 23%, (3) Rhythm 10%, (4) Eye trace 7%, (5) 2D place of screen 5%, (6) 3D space 4%. Within these six rules, the key elements have been sound and vision, and these are once again what we have to concentrate on. Other elements that we need to keep in mind while editing are;

  • Trim
  • In/out
  • Jump in/out (e.g. from inside to outside)
  • Cross dissolve
  • Fade in/fade out
  • Split screen
  • Long shot
  • Medium shot
  • Close up
  • Extreme close up
  • One shot/two shot (when having a conversation, the over the shoulder shot)
  • Tracking
  • Linear vs non-linear
  • fps
  • Widescreen (16:9)/4:3
  • Mono/stereo
  • Timecode (00:00:00:00) (hr:min:sec:frame)
  • Media (never changes – source material)


We decided to do editing on Adobe Premiere Pro CC, which was the recommended software to use by our lecturers. Before beginning to touch our own video, we had to take a self paced tutorial which told us how to change the view of the screen including moving tabs, settings and making things larger and smaller according to how we want to view the programme. We were also taught how to cut clips down, how to chop them into half, how to insert clips into different places, and also how to turn, change the colours, and flip the different clips individually. Through the tutorial, we were also taught all the names of the different areas that we would interact with, within the programme, including; programme window, audio meters, tools palette, clips, timeline, tracks, sequence, media browser, info panel, effects tab, history panel, project panel, effect controls tab, audio mixer and source window. Through the process of creating a tutorial video, we learnt how to interact with all of these and how to create our first video. Going through the tutorial, I remembered the specific parts that I knew we would need later, such as the time speed of the clips.

Ikrah and I ran through the tutorial, so then at least if we wanted to do some editing, the group would need one out of two people, instead of only one person. During the first day of editing, Hadis and Layal sat down and chose all the clips that we would need to use during the video. (The benefit of this was that when editing, I didn’t have to spend hours choosing the clips out of the 80+ that we had shot). Romaisa also helped with choosing some of the scenes as she specifically wanted some of the shower and walking in heels scenes that were shot only a few days before. During picking out the scenes, we also realised that we would not be able to use any of the clips that Hadis and Layal shot, as they were wearing different shoes to the bulk of the views, which contained my shoes. It is for this reason that we decided to use the shots that included my shoes instead of having loads of different clips with different shoes. Lastly, sadly, the group work did not quite work out as much of the group went home during Friday, the main day of editing, and I ended up piecing the video together. Romaisa helped to finalise the order on Friday. These are the clips that we decided that we wanted in the video;

  • 15 – Shoes beginning
  • 18-17 – Getting into bed – cut a bit out of the beginning
  • 20 – Getting into bed – lights off
  •  – Walking on concrete Charlotte
  •  – Charlotte walking on grass
  •  – Charlotte walking on ice puddle
  •  – Charlotte walking on mud
  • 38 – Charlotte boots walking studio
  • 41 – Walking out of department
  • 42 – Walking out of department
  • 43 – Walking with friend
  • 45
  • 46 – Walking on bridge
  • 47
  • 48 (2) – Cute moment with boy
  • 50 – Walking into puddle
  • 52
  • 54 – Skateboarding
  • 55
  • 56 – (or) skateboarding to door
  • 61 – Another skateboard/door scene
  • 63 – Getting on bed and taking shoes off
  • 121 – Shower scene 1 – cut a bit off of ending
  • 126 – Stairs
  • 129 – Heels walking
  • 130 – Green walking
  • 131 – Barefoot
  • 132 – Crawling barefoot
  • 133 – Putting shoes on before night out
  • 134 – Tap dancing
  • 137 – Dancing club

The order of the video happened as such;

  • 15 – (00:00:00:00)
  • 121 – (00:00:34:10)
  • 61 – (00:04:23:18)
  • 56 – (00:04:42:20)
  • 134 – (00:05:28:02)
  • 38 – (00:05:28:02)
  • 41 – (00:05:40:01)
  • 42 – (00:06:21:07)
  • 45 – (00:07:41:04)
  • 46 – (00:08:26:21)
  • 44 – (00:09:00:04)
  • 47 – (00:09:16:00)
  • 50 – (00:09:36:02)
  • 53 – (00:09:48:10)
  • 46 – (00:09:59:20)
  • 49 – (00:10:10:07)
  • 65 – (00:11:40:09 – 00:11:57:01) cross fade
  • 133 – (00:11:56:33)
  • 126 – (00:13:26:05)
  • 130 – (00:13:36:15) we also swapped clip 137 and 130 around so there is a little bit of walking before shoe goes clubbing
  • 137 – (00:14:08:05)
  • 129 – (00:15:24:08)
  • 131 – (00:15:50:12)
  • 132 – (00:16:21:05 – 00:16:35:23)
  • 20 – (00:16:36:01)
  • End – (00:17:04:10)

The total time, which is shown in the time frame codes, came to 00:17:04:10 (extended time code is shown). This had to be shortened to 4 minutes or under, which will be somewhat a challenge. First, however, I decided to do the credits, as I needed some help to sort out who is under what title, and more specifically, who the extras were that we used within the film. We had to decide for the beginning credits who was going to be under and over what shoe, and found the list of;

  • Georgia – Red shoes
  • Romaisa – Rough boots
  • Charlotte (Me) – Nice boots
  • Hadis – Slippers
  • Ikrah – Flats
  • Layal – Trainers

We then found the list of all the people that we needed to credit, and compared them against the list of roles that we could have. Romaisa was helping me with this and I had some question as to why we were including casting director and costume designer to the credits, as these were roles that the whole group was involved with. (As this is being written, the credits haven’t been finished, however I believe that there is not time either in order to fit this particular thing in, unless we list everyone as some roles, which are the ones we were all involved in.) Our full list was;

  • Group – Charlotte Abraham, Layal Abdullah, Ikrah Amjad, Haids Azarain, Georgia Wyldbore, Romaisa Bhatti
  • Lead Cast – Charlotte Abraham, Georgia Wyldbore, Siobhan Pryke, Lilly Godden
  • Supporting Cast – Will Fowler, Rachel Glover, Timur O’Mahony, Caitin Feehely, Harry Sullivan, Benjamin Thrussell, Alex Clothier
  • Casting Director – Romaisa Bhatti
  • Costume Designer – Layal Abdullah
  • Camera – Romaisa Bhatti, Layal Adbullah, Hadis Azarain, Charlotte Abraham
  • Editor – Charlotte Abraham, Ikrah Amjad, layal Abdullah, Hadis Azarain, Romaisa Bhatti
  • Sound –
  • Lighting – Benjamin Thrussell, Alex Clothier

During editing, I cut out all the sound except that of the Irish dancing within the middle of the video, as we all felt like this was powerful audio. We then discovered that we had no clue what the soundtrack would be for the rest of the video and that we also needed to think of a title. I messaged everyone on our group chat and left them to that challenge. We also came up with plenty of ideas for the title, however we couldn’t pick exactly one. This is the rough list we came up with, along with help from others;

  • At the Foot of Society
  • Don’t Let University Defeet You – The Shoe Must Go On!
  • The Hangover Won’t Last Long – You Will Heel!
  • Walking a Mile in Someone Else’s Shoes
  • The Shoe is on the Other Foot
  • Student Life feeturing…
  • The Sole of a Student’s Day

These are things I’m letting the group decide while editing the video, especially speeding up each clip and getting it under the 4 minute mark.


The second day of editing very much consisted of adding effects, adding titles and credits, adding music, and speeding everything up from 17 minutes to 4 minutes. The first things I did were the credits to ensure that these were okay and my first plan was to have them all up, and then as they rolled over, or under, the corresponding shoes, then they would disappear. This did, however, leave six random names floating at the beginning of the video, which made them look out of place and against what we envisioned it would be like. The next idea, as Layal suggested, was that the names could come up as them came and went from the shoe. This worked much better and allowed the names to appear for a brief, but substantial, one second, as the camera spun to look at the first shot. The credits I had mainly sorted out during the first part of editing, however I was finalising the lists and ensuring that all of the credits were aligned.

The main challenges involved the fact that I was the only one in the computer suite that was editing the video, and so I had to message the group every time I needed the group decision on. This sometimes took quite a while, which is a bit annoying. However, we managed to pick a title out of all the ones suggested:

The Sole of A Student’s Day

We could not choose a title which did not have a pun as it allows the view to start off on a light and cheerful foot, before it goes more serious throughout the video. The music was also chosen, and then provided by Romaisa. We ended up choosing two tracks to represent the normal day activities (Syd Matters – To All Of You (Official Music Video)) and the night club, where it has a heavier base (Life is Strange Soundtrack- Got Well Soon by Breton). I have to admit, I am a little confused as to why the group decided on the To All Of You track, as although it has a wonderful guitar accompaniment, the lyrics had pretty much nothing to do with what our video is about – feet. We had searched for quite a while, and this was the only video that we all agreed that we liked, and so we used this. The second video, used for the nightclub scene, we cut out the instrumental and repeated this through the scene, making a somewhat eery and disorganised, possibly drugged sensation.

We also had to look through all of the effects on Adobe Premiere Pro in order to determine the ones that we wanted to have a look at an possibly use. Unfortunately, I didn’t have much help in this and so had to take the executive decision about all the effects that we needed to add for the duration of the drugged scenes. We ended up whittling it down to colour change, in order to change the colour every few seconds to create disorientation, a corner bender to alter the curvature of the video, wave warp, and turbulent displace, again to create the sensation of disorientation within the video, for the viewer.

I had tested other effects such as lens distortion, however this one in particular was hard to control and I was unsure as to what settings did exactly what on the video. There was also lens flare that was suggested, however, this created a completed different look to the one that we were hoping for – it looked somewhat childish and unprofessional. I added the desired effects and also added the colour change, where I also had to snip the clips, in order to gain several colour changes in one filmed scene.

Lastly, came speeding everything up (note: I put the music on after speeding everything up to the desired speed). I started off the clips at 100%, which is normal playing speed. This was the speed at the beginning and end of the video as then the viewer can get a small hold of what the normal speed is, before I sped it up to a maximum of 600%. The new speed often depended on how fast the feet were moving in the initial, original clip. If the feet were originally moving very slowly, there was a higher speed percentage. If the feet were initially slower, the final clip wasn’t sped up too much. Speeding everything up also altered the transactions between the videos, particularly between the change of my feet to Georgia’s feet. I manage to get the to at decent speeds in order to gain the best transaction between the clips. Speeding up, I also found that certain clips didn’t work, and I had to delete 53 which was the hopscotch clip. When sped up, it looked very funny, however it simply was not in keeping with the rest of the video. This was the final order of clips and the time frames of which they now stand (time code signifies the beginning of the clip);

  • 15 – (00:00:00:00)
  • 121 – (00:00:10:11)
  • 61 – (00:01:03:06)
  • 56 – (00:01:05:16)
  • 134 – (00:01:09:15)
  • 38 – (00:01:35:12)
  • 41 – (00:01:37:12)
  • 42 – (00:01:45:18)
  • 45 – (00:01:59:01)
  • 46 – (00:02:06:04)
  • 44 – (00:02:17:00)
  • 47 – (00:02:20:04)
  • 50 – (00:02:24:04)
  • 53 – cut this clip out
  • 46 – (00:02:26:16)
  • 49 – (00:02:28:18)
  • 65 – (00:02:54:12 – 00:02:58:16)
  • 133 – (00:02:58:13)
  • 126 – (00:03:14:13)
  • 130 – (00:03:17:02)
  • 137 – (00:03:21:07)
  • 129 – (00:03:54:11)
  • 131 – (00:04:04:12)
  • 132 – (00:04:14:17 – 00:04:20:13)
  • 20 – (00:04:20:12)
  • End – (00:04:20:12)

The credit time frames were;

  • Georgia – (00:00:00:20 – 00:00:01:20)
  • Romaisa – (00:00:01:20 – 00:00:02:20)
  • Layal – (00:00:02:20 – 00:00:03:20)
  • Charlotte – (00:00:03:20 – 00:00:04:20)
  • Hadis – (00:00:04:20 – 00:00:05:20)
  • Ikrah – (00:00:05:20 – 00:00:06:20)
  • Title – (00:00:11:14 – 00:00:18:02) and changed to (00:00:11:14 – 00:00:16:15)

After some last, small alterations, the video was ready. While uploading it to YouTube, I found that I had forgotten to render the video, and had to go back to the original edit in order to render the workplace, to then upload them once again to YouTube – my mistake entirely.

screen-shot-2017-01-29-at-16-56-58screen-shot-2017-01-29-at-16-25-41screen-shot-2017-01-29-at-16-21-56screen-shot-2017-01-29-at-15-34-33screen-shot-2017-01-29-at-14-54-31Screen Shot 2017-01-29 at 17.09.45.png

See the last six videos for experiments in Adobe Premiere Pro CC.

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